Comprehensive Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Hydraulics Handbook
for Engineers and Operators


By John W. Nicklow and Paul F. Boulos


First Edition: 2005, Hardback, 234 pp.
ISBN 0-9745689-4-5

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The analysis and design of today's water and wastewater treatment plants involve evaluation of individual treatment processes and assessment of system-wide hydraulic performance. The majority of the existing literature and training opportunities for engineers and operators addresses the treatment (process) aspect, but fails to adequately cover overall plant hydraulics. This, unfortunately, can lead to serious problems, because the two aspects of design are inseparable. Treatment objectives cannot be met if the plant does not function properly from a hydraulics perspective.

The maintenance of sufficient hydraulic head (i.e., energy) throughout a plant is a principal concern. Proper evaluation of head in treatment facilities requires information on flow quantities, often based on population statistics, and basic knowledge of concepts involving flow through pressurized pipes and open channels, flow measurement and control devices, and pumping systems. It also takes an understanding of how each of these elements interacts with the others and with treatment units.

Comprehensive Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Hydraulics Handbook for Engineers and Operators begins with an introduction to treatment plant hydraulics (Chapter 1) that orients the reader to the field of study and introduces fundamental properties and principles that are used in plant analysis. Chapters 2 covers flow through pressurized conduits and presents methods for evaluating flow of non-Newtonian fluids (e.g., sludge), while Chapter 3 covers flow through open channel systems. The tools presented in these two chapters provide a basis for the evaluation of head variability through any flow system. Chapter 4 covers flow through measurement and control devices, including orifices, venturis, manifolds, weirs, flumes, and others. This chapter also discusses spatially-varied flow in distribution and collection channels and briefly introduces concepts related to hydraulic mixing. Chapter 5 covers pump hydraulics and includes discussions on various types of pumps and methods to be used in their selection. Finally, Chapter 6 presents guidance on plant layout, location, and capacity and outlines special methods for evaluating flow through the various treatment units. Moreover, the chapter brings together the various concepts discussed throughout the book and, thus, serves as an overall guide for a comprehensive evaluation of treatment plant hydraulics.

Comprehensive Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Hydraulics Handbook for Engineers and Operators is an advanced comprehensive reference on the hydraulic analysis and design of water and wastewater treatment facilities. A working handbook for engineers, operators, students and practitioners, it covers both the practical and theoretical aspects of plant hydraulics. It brings together the principles of proper hydraulic design and characterization of treatment facilities, and presents them in a manner that can be easily understood. And with more than 100 solved problems, special emphasis is placed on the application of these principles. As such, it is an invaluable reference for the study and practice of treatment plant design.

“Another excellent book from Innovyze. A practical, informative, working engineering reference that covers the principles of proper hydraulic design and characterization of treatment plant facilities for improved performance and reliability. It’s great!”
-- Jeffrey Pecenka, PE, Supervising Engineer and GIS/Modeling Specialist, Cheyenne Board of Public Utilities, Cheyenne, WY

"Exceptionally practical and comprehensive. Its 'to the point' style provides a clear roadmap for grasping and mastering the principles and concepts of treatment plant hydraulics. This is a must read for new engineers and a valuable reference for our professionals.”

-- Tony Akel, PE, Manager - Infrastructure Master Planning, Carollo Engineers, Fresno, CA

“I’m writing to let you know how useful your book “Comprehensive Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Hydraulics Handbook for Engineers and Operators” is to me. I already have most if not all of the information available from other resources, but to have it all succinctly aggregated in one place pertinent to treatment plants is a big help. It’s a great book. Thanks for writing it.”
-- Douglas Lane, P.E., MWH, Bellevue, WA

 




 
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